The San Francisco Bay Area hills are spotted with numerous parks where one can hike or picnic, often with great views of the rolling countryside or even the ocean. Black Diamond Mines Regional Preserve east of San Francisco has another secret worth a traveler’s exploration: the Rose Hill Cemetery dating back to the Gold Rush.

HI Travel Tales loves to explore old cemeteries. There is something that gets the imagination going when you see ornate markers for entire young families and small tidy headstones for babies and children. You wonder about how tough life was in the 1850s, ‘60s ad ‘70s during and after the era when those seeking riches pouring from the hills dared to journey across our country. They were often quite disappointed, died young or otherwise fell ill.

Black Mines park offers camping, picnicking – and Gold Rush history

Just over 6,000 acres, Black Mines Regional Preserve is not a huge park, but it offers the escape many in the more urban San Francisco area demand. Yelp reviews indicate Black Diamond Mines parks is quite a beloved place.

Gold was not what was mined there but “black diamonds,” which was a reference to coal. The mine there was the largest coal mining area in California up until the turn of the 20th century. Later came sand and gravel. The East Bay Regional Parks District, which has a chain of delightful parks up and down the hills east of San Francisco, began acquiring land for the park in the 1970s.

Rose Hill Cemetery’s decades of decay in Black Diamond park

What that means, however, is that Rose Hill Cemetery in the hills of Black Diamond Mines Regional Preserve suffered through decades of abuse and looting. Until the area was acquired by the parks district, the road directly to the cemetery remained opened, according to the East Bay Regional Parks District’s extensive brochure on Rose Hill. Vandalism was therefore easy.

Rose Hill Cemetery sits hidden in Black Diamond Mines Regional Preserve.

HI Travel Tales friend Marianne Dresser (who took all the photos you see here) heads there for weekend or after-work hikes and dog walks. She said, “It is rather moving when you take the time to wander in the cemetery and read the headstones. So many are for young children or young people. You get the sense of how hard life was in the mining towns (little more than camps, really)….

“We East Bay dwellers may take for granted our access to so much open space, beautiful parks and trails that we lose sight of the fact that many of these lands were the homes and worksites of poor and working class people (usually or often immigrants) in the early part of the 20th century. The mining life was a difficult one, attested to by the fact that the more vulnerable members of the mining communities are over-represented in the cemetery.”

Burials at Rose Hill number at least 235

According to the East Bay Regional Parks district, no official or original records of interment exist – or at least have been found. Officials and volunteers who keep a watchful eye over the history at Rose Hill Cemetery believe there were at least 235 burials there during its prime years of about 1860 to 1900. That is when the five towns in the area were at their peak and likely had the largest number of disease outbreaks. Today, unfortunately, only about 80 headstones remain, but the search continues for ones that may have been carried off to somebody’s backyard decades ago.

HITT Tip: Anybody with information about vandalism, headstones or its history can be in touch with the East Bay Regional Parks at or be emailing to [email protected].

“Black Diamond Mines is one of the more remote parks in the East Bay Regional Parks District system,” added Marianne Dresser. “It is notable among all the many East Bay Regional Parks for its historical roots and the district has done a great job reconstructing and maintaining the mine sites and cemetery.”

Most old cemeteries bring about a little contemplation in visitors. We certainly find that. There is something haunting about beautiful markers, engraved with loving epitaphs, ornate headstones, sometimes broken or crooked. Here the parks district is making a huge effort to preserve and reconstruct history.

HITT Tip: Want a look at another old cemetery in Northern California? Take a look at our piece, “Liberty Cemetery: A California Ghost Town burial ground.”

The feeling of being there, says HI Travel Tales friend Marianne Dresser, was of “reverence and respect for the hardy people who lived and died there.”

(Photos by Marianne Dresser)

HITT Tip: Access Black Diamond Mines Regional Preserve, take part in naturalist programs or tour mines at the park with these directions: Black Diamond is located in Contra Costa County, south of Pittsburg and Antioch. Take Highway 4 to the Somersville Road exit in Antioch, then drive south (toward the hills) on Somersville Road to the Preserve entrance. You can access Highway 4 from Interstate 680 or Interstate 5.

Villagio Inn and Spa

Feather River Fish Hatchery

Black Diamond Mines Regional Preserve

Table Mountain Preserve

Liberty Cemetery

Michigan Bluff

Spring Wildflowers - Foresthill Divide Loop Trail

Mozzeria Pizzeria

Lynch Canyon Open Space Preserve

Apple Hill

Wofford Acres Vineyards

Apple Ridge Farms

Larsen Apple Barn

Rainbow Orchards

Smokey Ridge Farmstand and Charcuterie

Allez French restaurant

UC Davis Arboretum

Pacific Grove Museum of Natural History

Crema Restaurant

Alhambra Theater Historic Site - Sacramento

Today, the former movie showplace is not much of a show. And not many folks seem to even be aware of the meaning of these palm trees, and non-functioning fountain as they dash in and out of the store for groceries. A plaque that was said to be placed there was nowhere to be found when I visited. Read our story here.

Palo Corona Regional Park - Carmel

South Yuba River State Park - Bridgeport

Underground Gardens - Fresno

The Underground Gardens is what it sounds like: A weaving labyrinth of caverns, rooms and passages all dug underground and filled with fruit trees, vines and plants in spaces that open to the sky. This oddity was built – or shall we say, dug – by Italian immigrant Baldassare Forestiere for about 38 years starting in 1906.

Heads up! This information on Rose Hill Cemetery was accurate when we published it on HI Travel Tales, but, as we know, traveling is all about changes (and inflation, sadly). Please be sure to confirm prices, transportation schedules, hours of operation, safety and health considerations, request for perfect weather during your entire visit, and any other important details before your adventure.